Pears are a member of the Rose family, they generally have a round bottom and taper at the top. Seasonally they are available from late February till October.
There are so many varieties of pears, around 3000. So to make it easier, let's look at the ones that are coming off the tree now.
Buerre Bosc: They have a cinnamon brown colour. They have a honey-sweet flesh with a smooth texture. Great to eat fresh as well as cooking
Howell: it's a large fruit; the skin is yellow on one side and red on the other. A heirloom variety with a delicious sweet taste
Williams: also known as a Bartlett pear has a traditional pear shape, and the green skin turns yellow when it's ripe. Sweet taste
Nashi: Super juicy pear, shaped like an apple. A refreshing pear.